For years the Mediterranean countries, particularly Spain and Italy, had dominated the international almond market. The “status quo” was broken in the second half of the twentieth century with the development of the Californian almond industry which today controls the global market.

In Italy, almonds are often planted with olive, carob and fig, species with similar climatic needs. It is possible to find almonds up to 600 meters above sea level in the Italian region of Marche and on the slope of the Alps, but the most productive regions are Sicily and Puglia, which supply 4/5ths of national production. Other almond-producing regions include Sardinia, Calabria and Abbruzzo.